In early 2014, the VA plans to conduct a four-year study to compare the effectiveness of two types of psychotherapy—Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive Processing Therapy—for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite solid evidence that both treatments are effective in Veterans and non-Veterans, there is a lack of evidence about the effectiveness of these treatments compared with one another and if the treatments work better in different population groups. The study sample includes 900 male and female Veterans diagnosed with PTSD due to any traumatic military event. Seventeen VA locations will participate including the Durham VAMC in North Carolina.

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